Affirmative action objectives and timetables are goals for equality, parity and a playing field that is level. Like goals for earnings or efficiency, they mark and measure progress, but don’t carry appropriate penalties. Quotas are unlawful unless court-ordered to rectify discrimination. Your organization’s affirmative action plan could be voluntary or are needed for legal reasons, in case your business has contracts with federal, state or governments that are local.
The only Supreme Court instance coping with affirmative action for ladies respected that evaluations that have been supposedly merit-based may nevertheless mirror biases.