Listed here are standard formats and examples for basic information that is bibliographic by the American Psychological Association (APA). To learn more about the APA format, see http.org this is certainly://www.apastyle.
Your selection of works cited should begin at the conclusion of the paper on a page that is new the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author’s last name, with the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials regarding the first and middle names are given. An, or The if the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A.
For dates, spell out the names of months when you look at the text of your paper, but abbreviate them when you look at the selection of works cited, except for May, June, and July. Use either the style that is day-month-year22 July 1999) or the month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) and become consistent. Because of the style that is month-day-year be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.
Underlining or Italics?
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined since most typewriters had absolutely no way to print italics. In the event that you write a bibliography by hand, you really need to still underline the names of publications. But, by using a pc, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. Check always along with your instructor regarding their preference of employing italics or underlining. Our examples use italics.
All APA citations should use hanging indents, that is, the very first type of an entry should really be left that is flush plus the second and subsequent essay writers lines must certanly be indented 1/2″.